What Is Vinyl Flooring Made Of ?

Vinyl floors has grown into a modern home decor mainstay. Vinyl flooring remain a popular choice for residences, businesses and other spaces because of their reliability, adaptability and affordable cost. But have you ever thought about how vinyl flooring is created and manufactured? In this article we will dig into the technical process of manufacturing this durable and fashionable flooring alternative.

But before we look into vinyl flooring manufacturing processes, we first need to understand the different types of vinyl flooring so that we can easily distinguish there manufacturing processes. The easiest way to categories vinyl floor is by separating them by the raw materials composition. Such as SPC and PVC floors. It’s look at this deeper in the next section.


Types Of Vinyl Floors

If you are new in the flooring field, the first thing you should know is that you we had three primary types of vinyl flooring.

Sheet Vinyl:

These type of flooring flooring is accessible in huge rolls and is excellent for larger, seamless installations. Because of its durability and simplicity of upkeep, it is widely utilized in commercial environments.

Vinyl Plank:

Vinyl plank flooring simulates the appearance of hardwood planks. It comes in a variety of sizes and can be installed using a click-and-lock method, making it suitable for do-it-yourself tasks.

Vinyl Tile:

Combine with tiles visual effect, vinyl tile can keep flooring covering performance. It will solve heavy picking up problem while you change another decorative material.

PVC Or Vinyl Tile Are Flooring:

PVC vinyl floor production is a bit complicated blend of chemistry, engineering and design. Please take the time to check how PVC vinyl flooring are made.


Raw Materials

1.PVC Resin   2.Plasticizes   3.Fillers   4.Stabilizers

The materials selection for PVC vinyl flooring includes polyvinyl chloride resin as the primary structural component, plasticizes to provide flexibility, fillers like calcium carbonate for cost reduction and stiffness improvement and stabilizers such as tin and calcium-zinc to enhance resistance to heat and UV radiation. These elements play crucial roles in creating a durable and versatile flooring material.



Production Process


In a compounder, PVC resin, plasticizers, fillers, stabilizers and other additives are combined together. As a consequence, a homogenous mixture is formed, which will be utilized to make the vinyl sheet or tile.


The compound is then put onto a calender machine. A set of huge rollers compress and flatten the slurry into thin sheets in this machine. The sheet thickness is determined by the kind of vinyl flooring selected, which can range from flexible sheet vinyl to stiff vinyl planks.

3.Printing Layer:

Some vinyl flooring has a decorative printed layer that mimics the look of wood, stone or other materials. This layer is made using a variety of printing techniques, including rotogravure printing and digital printing.

4.Wear Layer:

On top of the printed layer, a protective wear layer is put. For extra durability, the wear layer is often constructed of transparent PVC and loaded with additives such as aluminum oxide. It guards against wear and tear, scratches and UV damage to the printed layer.


Following the creation and curing of the vinyl sheet, it is cut into the required format, such as rolls for sheet vinyl, planks or tiles.

prduction line


SPC Flooring

SPC flooring is composed of a substrate layer, wear-resistant layer, color film layer, UV layer, PVC and natural stone powder. The main raw materials of the base material layer are nontoxic and environmental friendly renewable resources. The finished SPC floor is fireproof, moisture-proof, anti-skid, mildew proof, tough and wear resistant with good decoration effects, convenient installation and simple maintenance. It is a high-quality environmental protection floor decoration material. Let’s see how SPC flooring is produced

The production line does not need too many laborers for operation. First is the production of floor substrate. The centralized feeding system mixes various raw materials according to formula. After the mixing material is evenly mixed in high temperature and cooled in the cooling tank, then pipe into extrude. Hopper is heated, rolled and plasticized in the extrude, then enter the dye to extrude the material.

The strip material belt is calendared to make the substitute layer of the SPC floor. The color and pattern of the SPC floor come from the color film layer. Wear resistant layer needs to be added to make the floor wear-resistant. Therefore, the color film layer and the wear-resistant layer should be firmly attached to the substrate layer and the embossing roller should be used to press out the texture with different depths on the surface.

Eir system can ensure accurate synchronization of embossing pattern and color film pattern and make the SPC floor feel as natural as a solid wood floor. After trimming the laminated and embossed floor material belt, cut the whole board of the floor length with a plate cutter and palatalizing by automatic plating machine waiting for the next process. First  UV protective layer will support high and basic using performance for flooring material.China Aolong Flooring will give you more EIR texture surface options,welcome to check relative pages or directly call for sales team.

Lock floor is a widely used floor form with simple pavement and closed seams. We need slit whole piece after UV coating and enough balance time.You will find full qualified SPC flooring plank after next step profiled accordingly. After the finished floor is packaged, it is waiting to enter thousands of homes. This is the birth of a beautiful SPC flooring.

vinyl flooring production line



Vinyl flooring’s manufacturing process is complicated and involves a combination of  science and art. These type of flooring has took the market by storm because of there  practicality in terms of, affordability and stylish flooring option. Although manufacturing process differs from manufacturer to manufacturer, the main processes remain the same for all types of flooring. The most important thing is to make sure you choose a reliable supplier for your vinyl flooring supply.

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